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MAJOR LEAGUE FRANCHISE INFORMATION

Leagues Referenced

Leagues officially recognized as "Major Leagues"

Leagues included just because I wanted to!

Resources

This information was taken mostly from Green Cathedrals by Philip Lowry, Professional Baseball Franchises by Peter Filichia, and The Ball Clubs by Donald Dewey and Nicholas Acocella.
I have covered franchise renaming by listing the team under it's best-known name and including the other names under the AKA item. This as opposed to all separate listings as done in Filichia's excellent book.

Current MLB Teams

American League

[ Anaheim | Baltimore | Boston | Chicago | Cleveland | Detroit | Kansas City | Minnesota | New York | Oakland | Seattle | Tampa Bay | Texas | Toronto ]

National League

[ Arizona | Atlanta | Chicago | Cincinnati | Colorado | Florida | Houston | Los Angeles | Milwaukee | New York | Philadelphia | Pittsburgh | St. Louis | San Diego | San Francisco | Washington ]
ALTOONA, PENNSYLVANIA
ALTOONA MOUNTAIN CITYS
League: UA 1884
Aka: Altoona Pride, Altoona Ottawas
Franchise: According to Lowry: Became Kansas City Unions May 1884.
Ballpark: Columbia Park
According to Filichia: disbanded with association after the 1884 season and moved the franchise to Kansas City.

ANAHEIM, CALIFORNIA
LOS ANGELES ANGELS OF ANAHEIM
League: AL 1965->
Aka: Los Angeles Angels 1961-1965, California Angels 1965-1996, Anaheim Angels 1997-2004, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 2007->
Nicknames: Halos, Seraphs, Cherubs
Franchise: Los Angeles Angels 1961-1965
Ballpark: Wrigley Field (LA) 1961, Dodger Stadium 1962-1965, Anaheim Stadium/Edison Int'l Field 1966->
Named Angels because Los Angeles is Spanish for "The Angels".
Name changed from Los Angeles to California Angels 9/2/65

ARLINGTON, TEXAS
TEXAS RANGERS
League: AL 1972->
Franchise: Relocated from Washington Senators 1961-1971.
Named after Texas state police force. Represent both Dallas and Fort Worth.
Ballpark: Arlington Stadium 1972->1993, Ballpark At Arlington 1994->

ATLANTA, GEORGIA
ATLANTA BLACK CRACKERS
League: NAL 1938
Franchise:
ATLANTA
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never played.
Ballpark: None
ATLANTA BRAVES
League: NL 1966->
Nicknames: America's Team (II) The first team to have this nickname was the NFL Dallas Cowboys.
Franchise: Relocated from Milwaukee Braves NL 1953-1965
Ballpark: Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium 1966-1996, Turner Field 1997->

ATLANTIC CITY, NEW JERSEY
BACHARACH GIANTS
League: ECL 1923-1928, ANL 1929
Franchise: Charter franchise with ECL, disbanded with league during 1928. Charter franchise with ANL, disbanded with league after 1929. Reestablished in Philadelphia in NNL in July 1934.

BALTIMORE, MARYLAND
BALTIMORE LORD BALTIMORES
League: NA 1872-1874
Nicknames: Baltimore Marylands 1873, Yellow Stockings, Canaries
Franchise: Expansion franchise, disbanded after 1874 season
MARYLANDS
League: NA 1873
Franchise: Folded on July 11, 1873
BALTIMORE ORIOLES (I)
League: AA 1882-1891, NL 1892-1899
Aka: Lord Baltimores (I) 1882
Franchise: New franchise, resigned from AA and moved to minor Atlantic Assoc for 1890 season, then rejoined AA late in 1890 season to fill spot left by Brooklyn Gladiators, who folded. Absorbed by NL in 1892 after AA folded. After 1899, NL cut back to 8 teams, dropping Baltimore along with 3 other franchises.
Ballpark: Nowington Park 1882, Union Park 1882-1889, 1891-1899, Oriole Park 1890-1891
BALTIMORE MONUMENTALS
League: UA 1884
Franchise: Charter franchise, became Lancaster Ironsides, Eastern League, mid-1884
Ballpark: Belair Lot, Madison Ave Grounds
BALTIMORE ORIOLES (II)
League: AL 1901-1902
Franchise: Charter franchise. Became New York Highlanders 1903
Ballpark: American League Park
BALTIMORE TERRAPINS
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Balt-Feds 1914
Franchise: Expansion team, disbanded with league, 1915
Ballpark: Terrapin Park
BALTIMORE BLACK SOX
League: ECL 1923-1928, ANL 1929, NEWL 1932, NNL 1933-1934
Aka: Baltimore Stars 1929
Franchise: ECL: Charter franchise, disbanded with league during 1928. ANL: Disbanded with league during 1929. NEWL: Charter franchise, disbanded with league during 1932. NNL: New franchise, folded after 1933 season, reactivated July 1934, disbanded after 1934 season.
BALTIMORE ELITE GIANTS
League: NNL 1938-1948, NAL 1949-1950
Franchise: Relocated from Washington Elite Giants 1937. New franchise NAL, disbanded with league after 1950 season.
BALTIMORE ORIOLES (IV)
League: AL 1954->
Nicknames: Birds, O's
Franchise: Relocated from St. Louis Browns 1902-1953
Ballpark: Memorial Stadium 1954-1991, Oriole Park at Camden Yards 1992->

BATTLE CREEK, MICHIGAN
BATTLE CREEK BELLES
League: AAGPBL 1951-1952
Franchise: Relocated from Racine Bells 1950. Became Muskegon Belles 1953.

BAYAMON, PUERTO RICO
BAYAMON UBLs
League: UBL
Franchise: League was announced to begin play in 1996, but cancelled.

BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA
BIRMINGHAM BLACK BARONS (I)
League: NNL 1924-1925, 1927-1930
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1930 season
BIRMINGHAM BLACK BARONS (II)
League: NAL 1937-1938, 1940-1950
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1950 season

BLOOMINGTON, MINNESOTA
MINNESOTA TWINS 1961-1981
Franchise: Relocated from Washington Senators (III) 1957-1960.
Began play in Minneapolis in 1982.
Ballpark: Metropolitan Stadium 1961-1981, Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982->

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
BOSTON BRAVES
Leagues: NA 1871, 1873-1875, NL 1876-1952
Aka: Boston Red Stockings 1871, 1873-1875, Boston Red Caps 1876-1882, Boston Beaneaters (I) 1883-1906, Boston Nationals, Boston Doves 1907-1910, Boston Rustlers 1911, Boston Bees 1936-1940
Nicknames: Rustlers 1890's when owned by William Russell (1), Miracle Braves 1914 (1)
Franchise: Became Milwaukee Braves in 1953. According to Filichia, relocated from Cincinnati Red Stockings 1869-1870. According to other sources they didn't really relocate. The team folded and Boston hired most of the Cincinnati players.
Ballpark: South End Grounds I 1876-1887, South End Grounds II 1888-1893, South End Grounds III 1894-1914, Congress Street Grounds 1894, Fenway Park I 1915, Braves Field 1915-1952
Named for James Gaffney, a Tammany Hall "brave" or political figure.
BOSTON REDS
League: UA 1884
Franchise: Charter franchise, expelled for failure to attend league meeting in Dec.
Ballpark: Union Park, Congress Street Grounds
BOSTON BEANEATERS (II)
Leagues: PL 1890, AA 1891
Aka: Boston Reds 1891
Franchise: Charter franchise, transferred to AA in 1891, disolved after season.
Ballpark: Congress Street Grounds
BOSTON RED SOX (current)
League: AL 1901->
Aka: Boston Somersets 1901-1902 when owned by Charles W. Somers, Boston Pilgrims 1903-1906
Nicknames: Speed Boys 1901-1902, Plymouth Rocks 1901-1902, Boston Puritans 1901-1902, Bosox, Americans
Franchise: Charter franchise, had been Buffalo Bisons WA 1900
Ballpark: Huntington Ave Grounds 1901-1911, Fenway Park I 1912-1933, Braves Field 1915-1916 (World Series), 1929-1932 (Sundays), Fenway Park II 1934->

BRADENTON, FLORIDA
BRADENTON EXPLORERS
League: SPBA 1989-1990

BRENTWOOD, NEW YORK
NEW YORK UBLs
League: UBL
Franchise: League was announced to begin play in 1996, but cancelled.

BROOKLYN, NEW YORK
NEW YORK MUTUALS (I)
Leagues: NA 1871-1875
Aka: Green Stockings 1871, Chocolate Sox 1872
Franchise: Disbanded during the 1875 season.
Named for the firemen of the Mutual Hook & Ladder Co.
Represented New York but played all home games in Brooklyn.
ECKFORDS OF BROOKLYN
League: NA 1871-1875
Aka: Atlantics of Brooklyn 1872-1875
Franchise: New franchise. According to Filichia, disbanded with association after 1875 season.
According to Lowry, Merged with Fort Wayne Kekiongas August 29, 1871
HARTFORDS OF BROOKLYN
League: NL 1877
Franchise: Relocated from Hartford Dark Blues in 1876-1877.
BROOKLYN GLADIATORS
Leagues: AA 1890
Franchise: Disbanded 8/25/90. Franchise turned over to Baltimore Orioles.
Named Trolley Dodgers for the wild maze of trolley lines near the Brooklyn Bridge, Bridegrooms because 4 star players were married during short time period in 1888.
BROOKLYN TROLLEY DODGERS
Leagues: AA 1884-1889
Aka: Brooklyn Bridegrooms (I) 1889
Nicknames: Brooklyn Atlantics
Franchise: Charter franchise, moved to NL (Brooklyn Dodgers) in 1890.
Named Trolley Dodgers for the wild maze of trolley lines near the Brooklyn Bridge, Bridegrooms because 4 star players were married during short time period in 1888.
BROOKLYN DODGERS
Leagues: NL 1890-1957
Aka: Hanlon's Superbas 1899-1910, Brooklyn Robins 1914-1931
Nicknames: Church City Nines 1880's, Brooklyn Kings 1880's, Dem Bums 1940's and 1950's, Brooklyn Foutz's Fillies 1893-1896
Franchise: Moved from Trolley Dodgers (AA). Merged with Brooklyn Wonders 1891. Merged with Baltimore Orioles (I) 1900. Became Los Angeles Dodgers in 1958.
Named Hanlon's Superbas for a popular vaudeville acrobatic troupe when Ned Hanlon was manager, Robins for manager Wilbert Robinson. Foutz's Fillies for manager Dave Foutz.
BROOKLYN WONDERS
League: PL 1890
Nickname: Ward's Wonders
Franchise: Charter franchise. Disbanded with league after 1890 season. According to Lowry merged with Brooklyn Dodgers 1891.
Named after the Wonder Bread Company owned by Mr. Ward.
BROOKLYN TIP-TOPS
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Tip-Tops
Nickname: Feds, BrookFeds
Franchise: Expansion franchise, disbanded with league 1915.
Named Tip-Tops after owner Ward's Tip-Top Bakeries.
BROOKLYN ROYAL GIANTS
League: ECL 1923-1927
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1927 season
BROOKLYN EAGLES
League: NNL 1935
Franchise: Relocated to Newark Eagles 1936

BUFFALO, NEW YORK
BUFFALO BISONS (I)
League: NL 1879-1885
Franchise: Charter franchise. Merged with Detroit Wolverines 1886
BUFFALO BISONS (II)
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter franchise. Disbanded with league.
BUFFALO BISONS (III)
League: WA 1892-1900
Franchise: Became Boston Red Sox AL 1901
BUFFALO PAN AMS
League: AL 1900
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1900 season.
BUFFALO BLUES
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Buffalo Buf-Feds 1914, Buffalo Electrics
Franchise: Expansion franchise, disbanded with league 1915.
BUFFALO
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never played.

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
CHICAGO CUBS
Leagues: NA 1871, 1874-1875, NL 1876->
Aka: Chicago White Stockings 1876-1890, Chicago Colts 1890-1897, Chicago Orphans 1898-1901
Nicknames: Swallowtails 1888, Black Stockings 1888-1889, Anson's Colts 1887-1897, Ex-Colts 1898, Rainmakers 1894-1897, Babes 1894-1897, Cubs, Cowboys 1899, Desert Rangers 1899, Rough Riders 1899-1900, Remnants 1901-1902, Recruits 1902, Panamas 1903, Zephyrs 1905, Selee's Colts 1902-1905, Spuds 1906, Nationals 1905-1907, Trojans 1913
Franchise: Charter franchise NA. Charter franchise NL. Merged with Chicago Pirates 1891. Merged with Chicago Whales 1916.
Named Anson's Colts because manager Cap Anson had starred in a silent film called "A Runaway Colt." The word also meant rookie back then.
Name of Cubs used first 3/27/02 by Chicago sportswriters George Rice and Fred Hayner in Chicago Daily News.
Most frequently used nicknames: White Stockings 1871, 1874-1889, Colts 1890-1897, Orphans 1898-1901, Colts 1902-1904 Cubs 1905 to date.
CHICAGO UNIONS
League: UA 1884
Nicknames: Browns
Franchise: Charter franchise. Became Pittsburgh Unions August 1884
CHICAGO PIRATES
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter franchise. Disbanded with league 1890. Merged with Chicago Cubs 1891.
CHICAGO
League: AA 1891
Franchise: Nameless and gameless, created in late 1891 amid the turmoil of the AA's 2nd war with NL. Played major role in settling of that strife and eventual emergence of the consolidated 12-team NL.
CHICAGO ???
League: WA 1894
Franchise: Became St. Paul Saints 1895
CHICAGO WHITE SOX
League: AL 1901->
Aka: Chicago White Stockings 1901-1903
Nicknames: Chisox, Pale Hose, Invaders 1901, Go-Go Sox 1959, Uniques
Franchise: Charter franchise. Named White Sox by Chicago sportswriters Carl Green and I.E. Sanborn. Came from Minneapolis Millers of WA 1900
CHICAGO WHALES
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Chi-Feds 1914
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league 1915. Merged with Chicago Cubs 1916.
CHICAGO AMERICAN GIANTS
League: NNL 1920-1931, 1934-1936, NSL 1932, NAL 1937-1950
Aka: Cole's American Giants 1932-1936
Franchise: Charter franchise NNL. New franchise NSL, disbanded after 1936 season. New franchise NAL, disbanded with league after 1950 season
CHICAGO GIANTS
League: NNL 1920-1921
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1921 season. No home games in 1921.
CHICAGO COLLEENS
League: AAGPBL 1948
Franchise:

CINCINNATI, OHIO
CINCINNATI RED STOCKINGS
Franchise: 1st professional baseball club, formed 3/15/1869.
According to Lowry: relocated to Boston Red Stockings 1871. According to other sources they didn't really relocate. The team folded and Boston hired most of the Cincinnati players.
According to Filichia: reverted to non-pro after the 1870 season.
CINCINNATI REDS
Leagues: NL 1876-1880
Aka: Cincinnati Red Stockings 1876-1880
Nickname: Cincinnati Porkopolitans 1870's, Cincinnati Pioneers 1870's
Franchise: Officially 3 successive franchises. The first was a charter member of NL, folded 6/18/77. Franchise was reconstituted 7/13, resigned after 1879 season. New edition of franchise admitted with new ownership for 1880. Terminated after season for failure to comply with legislation to stop sale of spirits on Sundays.
CINCINNATI REDS II
Leagues: AA 1882-1889, NL 1890->
Aka: Cincinnati Red Legs 1944-1945, 1954-1960
Nickname: Big Red Machine 1970's
Franchise: Charter franchise. Merged with Washington Senators (I) 1890
CINCINNATI OUTLAW REDS
League: UA 1884
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with assoc after 1884 season.
KELLY'S KILLERS
League: AA 1891, NL 1891
Aka: Cincinnati Porkers
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded during 1891; replaced by Milwaukee Brewers (III) August 14, 1891.
According to Lowry, became with Milwaukee Brewers (III) August 14, 1891.
Named after the aggressive behavior of manager Mike Kelly.
CINCINNATI REDS III
Leagues: PL 1890
Franchise: NL Reds sold to PL backers in Oct 1890. Played some exhibition games in Oct, but owner bought out by NL before next season. Never played an official game.
CINCINNATI CLOWNS
League: NAL 1942-1945
Aka: Cincinnati Buckeyes 1942, Indianapolis-Cincinnati Clowns 1944
Franchise: New franchise. Became Indianapolis Clowns in 1946.
CUBAN STARS (I)
League: NNL 1921
Aka: Cincinnati Cuban Stars 1921
Franchise: Expansion franchise. Moved from Havana in 1921. Playes all games in 1921 on the road as a travelling team representing Havana. Moved to New York in 1922.
CINCINNATI TIGERS
League: NAL 1937
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league during 1937 season.

CLEVELAND, OHIO
CLEVELAND FOREST CITYS
Aka: Cleveland Blues (I)
League: NL 1879-1884
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1884 season; sold the franchise and all players jumped to other teams.
According to Lowry, merged in 1885 with UA St. Louis Maroons to become NL St. Louis Maroons.
Became Blues when NL mandated specific colors for 1882.
FOREST CITYS OF CLEVELAND
League: NA 1871-1872
Franchise: Dropped out August 19, 1872.
CLEVELAND SPIDERS
Leagues: AA 1887-1888 NL 1889-1899
Aka: Cleveland Blues (II) 1887-1888
Nicknames: Exiles 1899, Misfits 1899
Franchise: New franchise. After 1898 season virtually every key player was traded to St. Louis Browns (II). Disbanded after posting worst record in history for 1899 season.
According to Lowry, merged with PL Buffalo Bisons and PL Cleveland Infants in 1891.
CLEVELAND INFANTS
League: PL 1890
Nickname: Babes
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league 1890.
According to Lowry, merged with Cleveland Spiders 1891.
CLEVELAND LAKE SHORES
League: WA 1900
Franchise: Relocated from Grand Rapids Rustlers. Became Cleveland Bluebirds AL 1901.
CLEVELAND INDIANS
League: AL 1900->
Aka: Cleveland Lakeshores 1900, Cleveland Blues (III) 1901, Cleveland Bluebirds 1901, Cleveland Broncos 1902, Cleveland Naps 1903-1911, Molly Maguires 1912-1914
Nickname: Blues 1901, Tribe
Franchise: Charter franchise. Names Naps after 2B/Mngr Napolean Lajoie; Molly Maguires after coal miners; Indians after a member of the 1890's Spiders named Louis Francis Sockalexis, the first American Indian in the majors.
CLEVELAND BEARS
League: NAL 1939-1940
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1940 season
CLEVELAND BROWNS
League: NNL 1924
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1924 season
CLEVELAND BUCKEYES (I)
League: NAL 1943-1948
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1948 season
CLEVELAND BUCKEYES (II)
League: NAL 1950
Franchise: New franchise, folded June 1950.
CLEVELAND ELITES
League: NNL 1926-1927
Aka: Cleveland Hornets 1927
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1927 season
CLEVELAND GIANTS
League: NNL 1933-1934
Aka: Cleveland Red Sox 1934
Franchise: Relocated from Columbus Bluebirds. Disbanded after 1934 season
CLEVELAND TATE STARS
League: NNL 1922
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded during 1922 season
CLEVELAND CUBS
League: NNL 1931
Franchise: Became Nashville Elite Giants in 1932.
CLEVELAND STARS
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise:

COLUMBUS, OHIO
COLUMBUS SENATORS
League: AA 1883-1884
Nicknames: Columbus Buckeyes
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded with league after 1884 season.
COLUMBUS COLTS
League: AA 1883-1884, AA 1889-1891
Nicknames: Columbus Solons 1889-1891
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded with assoc after 1891 season.
COLUMBUS BLUEBIRDS
League: NNL 1933
Franchise: New franchise, became Cleveland Giants in August 1933.
COLUMBUS BUCKEYES
League: NNL 1921
Franchise: Relocated from Dayton Marcos Disbanded after 1921
COLUMBUS ELITE GIANTS
League: NNL 1935
Franchise: Relocated from Nashville Elite Giants. Became Washington Elite Giants in 1936
COLUMBUS TURFS
League: NSL 1932
Franchise: Replaced Louisville Black Caps during 1932 season.

DALLAS-FT WORTH, TEXAS
DALLAS
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never played.

DAYTON, OHIO
DAYTON MARCOS
League: NNL 1920
Franchise: Charter franchise. Disbanded after 1920. According to Lowry, became Columbus Buckeyes in 1921.

DENVER, COLORADO
DENVER
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never played.
COLORADO ROCKIES
League: NL 1993->
Franchise: Expansion team 1993.

DETROIT, MICHIGAN
DETROIT WOLVERINES (I)
League: NL 1881-1888, Int'l Assoc 1889-1890
Aka: Detroit Wolverines
Franchise: New NL. New IA, disbanded with league during 1890 season.
DETROIT TIGERS (I)
League: WA 1894-1900
Aka: Creams 1894
Franchise: Became Detroit Wolverines 1900
DETROIT TIGERS (II)
League: AL 1900->
Aka: Detroit Wolverines (II) 1900
Nicknames: Bengals
Franchise: Charter franchise. Named after the striped stockings used in 1901. Editor Philip Reid thought that these yellow and black sox were like those worn by the Princeton University Tigers football team. According to Lowry came from WA Detroit team of 1900
DETROIT STARS
League: NNL 1920-1931, 1933, NAL 1937
Franchise: Charter franchise. Became Philadelphia Stars in 1934
DETROIT WOLVES
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise:

ELIZABETH, NEW JERSEY
ELIZABETH RESOLUTES
League: NA 1873
Franchise: Charter franchise. Folded August 7, 1873.

FORT MYERS, FLORIDA
FORT MYERS SUN SOX
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:

FORT WAYNE, INDIANA
FORT WAYNE KEKIONGAS
League: NA 1871
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded during 1871
According to Lowry, merged with Brooklyn Eckfords on August 29, 1871.
Named after the original Indian village on the site that later became Fort Wayne.
FORT WAYNE DAISIES
League: AAGPBL 1945-1954
Franchise:

GRAND RAPIDS, MICHIGAN
GRAND RAPIDS RUSTLERS
League: WA 1894-1899
Franchise: Became Cleveland Lake Shores in 1900
GRAND RAPIDS CHICKS
League: AAGPBL 1945-1954
Franchise: Relocated from Milwaukee Chicks 1944.

HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA
HARRISBURG GIANTS
League: ECL 1924-1927
Franchise: New franchise. Disbanded after 1927
HARRISBURG STARS
League: NNL 1943
Aka: Harrisburg-St. Louis Stars
Franchise: New franchise. Disbanded during 1943

HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT
HARTFORD DARK BLUES
Leagues: NA 1874-1875, NL 1876-1877
Aka: Hartford Blues
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded during 1871.
According to Lowry, relocated to Brooklyn Hartfords in 1877.

HAVANA, CUBA
CUBAN STARS
League: NNL 1920
Franchise: Moved to Cincinnati in 1921. No home games in 1920.

HOLYOKE, MASSACHUSETTS
HOLYOKE
League: Int'l Assoc 1878, NA 1879
Franchise: Charter franchise IA. Charter franchise NA, disbanded with league after 1879 season.

HOMESTEAD, PENNSYLVANIA
HOMESTEAD GRAYS
See Pittsburgh

HOUSTON, TEXAS
HOUSTON EAGLES
League: NAL 1949-1950
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded during season. According to Lowry, relocated from Newark Eagles.
HOUSTON
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never played.
HOUSTON ASTROS
League: NL 1962->
Aka: Houston Colt .45s 1962-1964
Nicknames: Houston Colts 1962-1964
Franchise: Expansion team 1962.
Ballpark: Colt Stadium 1962->1964, Astrodome 1965->1999 Enron Field 2000->

INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA
INDIANAPOLIS BLUES
Leagues: NL 1878, AA 1884
Aka: Indianapolis Browns 1878, Indianapolis Hoosiers (I)
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1878 season.
INDIANAPOLIS HOOSIERS (II)
Leagues: AA 1884
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1884 season.
INDIANA HOOSIERS (III)
League: NL 1887-1889
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1889 season.
INDIANAPOLIS HOOSIERS (IV)
League: WA 1894-1900, WA 1901
Franchise: New franchise WA. Charter franchise AL. Charter franchise WA, became Matthews mid-1901, disbanded with league after 1899 season. According to Lowry Became Philadelphia Athletics AL 1901
HOOSIER-FEDS
League: FL 1913-1914
Franchise: Charter franchise, assumed major league status 1914. Became Newark Peppers 1915.
INDIANAPOLIS ABCS (I)
League: NNL 1920-1924, 1925-1926, 1931, NSL 1932
Franchise: Charter franchise NNL, dropped out July 1924. Disbanded after 1926. Charter franchise NSL, disbanded with league after 1932
INDIANAPOLIS ABCS (II)
League: NAL 1938-1940
Aka: Crawfords 1940
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1940 season. According to Lowry, moved to Toledo in 1939, moved back in 1940.
INDIANAPOLIS ATHLETICS
League: NAL 1937
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded during season
INDIANAPOLIS CLOWNS
League: NAL 1944, 1946-1950
Aka: Indianapolis-Cincinnati Clowns 1944
Franchise: Relocated from Cincinnati Clowns. Disbanded with league after 1950. The Clowns represented Cincinnati in 1943, 1945, Indianapolis 1946-1950, and both cities in 1944.

JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
JACKSONVILLE RED CAPS
League: NAL 1938, 1941-1942
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1941

KALAMAZOO, MICHIGAN
KALAMAZOO LASSIES
League: AAGPBL 1951-1954
Franchise: Relocated from Muskegon Lassies 1950.

KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI
KANSAS CITY COWBOYS
League: UA 1884
Aka: Unions
Franchise: Charter franchise. Relocated from Altoona Pride in April and May 1884 before moving to Kansas City. Folded with league September 1884.
KANSAS CITY COWBOYS (II)
League: NL 1886
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1886 season.
KANSAS CITY BLUES (I)
League: Western Lg 1887, AA 1888-1889
Nicknames: Cowboys (III)
Franchise: Expansion franchise WL. New franchise AA, disbanded after 1889 season.
KANSAS CITY BLUES (II)
League: WA 1894-1900
Franchise: Became Washington Senators AL 1901
KANSAS CITY COWBOYS (IV)
League: AL 1900, Western Lg 1901-1903
Franchise: Became Kansas City Blues (Class A American Assoc) 1904.
KANSAS CITY PACKERS
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Kansas City Cowboys (V), Kawfeds
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1915 season.
KANSAS CITY MONARCHS
League: NNL 1920-1927, 1929-1930, NAL 1937-1950
Franchise: Charter franchise NNL, disbanded after 1930. Charter franchise NAL, disbanded with league after 1950.
KANSAS CITY ATHLETICS
League: AL 1955-1967
Aka: Kansas City A's 1962-1967
Franchise: Relocated from Philadelphia Athletics in 1955. Became Oakland Athletics in 1968.
KANSAS CITY ROYALS
League: AL 1969->
Franchise: Expansion franchise.

KENOSHA, WISCONSIN
KENOSHA COMETS
League: AAGPBL 1943-1951
Franchise:

KEOKUK, IOWA
WESTERNS OF KIOKUK
League: NA 1875
Nicknames: Westerns
Franchise: Expansion franchise, folded June 14, 1875.

KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA
KISSIMMEE UBLs
League: UBL
Franchise: League was announced to begin play in 1996, but cancelled.

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA
LOS ANGELES DODGERS
League: NL 1958->
Nicknames: Dodger Blue
Franchise: Relocated from Brooklyn Dodgers 1890-1957.
LOS ANGELES ANGELS
League: AL 1961-1965
Aka: California Angels September 2, 1965 onwards.
Franchise: Moved to Anaheim as the California Angels in 1966.
LOS ANGELES UBLs
League: UBL
Franchise: League was announced to begin play in 1996, but cancelled.

LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY
LOUISVILLE GRAYS
League: NL 1876-1877
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1877 season.
LOUISVILLE COLONELS
League: AA 1882-1891, NL 1892-1899
Aka: Louisville Eclipse 1882-1884, Louisville Cyclones 1889
Franchise: Charter franchise AA. New franchise NL, disbanded after 1899 season.
According to Lowry, merged with Pittsburgh Pirates 1900.
LOUISVILLE WHITE SOX
League: NNL 1931, NSL 1932
Aka: Louisville Black Caps 1932
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1932. Replaced during 1932 seasn by Columbus Turfs.
LOUISVILLE BUCKEYES
League: NAL 1949
Franchise:

MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
MEMPHIS RED SOX
League: NNL 1924-1925, 1927, 1929-1930, NSL 1932, NAL 1937-1940, 1943-1950
Franchise: New franchise NNL, disbanded after 1930. Charter franchise NSL, disbanded with league after 1932. Charter franchise NAL, disbanded with league during 1950

MIAMI, FLORIDA
FLORIDA MARLINS
League: NL 1993->
Franchise: Expansion team 1993.

MIDDLETOWN, CONNECTICUT
MIDDLETOWN MANSFIELDS
League: NA 1872
Franchise: Charter franchise, folded August 9, 1872.

MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN
CREAM CITYS
League: NL 1878
Aka: Milwaukee Brewers (I), Milwaukee Creams, named for color of Milwaukee-made bricks.
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded during 1878 season.
MILWAUKEE UNIONS
League: UA 1884
Aka: Milwaukee Brewers (II)
Nicknames: Grays, Cream Citys
Franchise: Charter franchise, folded in late September 1884.
MILWAUKEE BREWERS (III)
League: AA 1891, Western Lg 1892
Franchise: New franchise A. Expansion franchise WL, disbanded with league during 1892 season.
According to Lowry, relocated from Kelly's Killers in Cincinnati, August 14, 1891.
MILWAUKEE BREWERS (IV)
League: WA 1894-1900, AL 1901
Franchise: Charter franchise. Became St. Louis Browns 1902.
MILWAUKEE BEARS
League: NNL 1923
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded during season
MILWAUKEE CHICKS
League: AAGPBL 1944
Franchise: Became Grand Rapids Chicks 1945
MILWAUKEE BRAVES
League: NL 1953-1965
Franchise: Relocated from Boston Braves in 1953. Became Atlanta Braves in 1966.
MILWAUKEE BREWERS (V)
League: AL 1970-1997, NL 1998->
Nicknames: Brew Crew
Franchise: Relocated from Seattle Pilots 1969.

MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA
MINNEAPOLIS MILLERS
League: WA 1894-1900
Franchise: Became Chicago White Sox 1901
MINNEAPOLIS MILLERETTES
League: AAGPBL 1944
Franchise: Played in Minnesota for half of the 1944 season before taking to the road due to sparse crowds and poor early season weather. Folded after the 1944 season.
MINNESOTA
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never played.
MINNESOTA TWINS
League: AL 1961->
Aka: Minneapolis-St. Paul Twins 1961, Twin Cities 1961
Franchise: Relocated from Washington Senators (III) 1957-1960.
Played in Bloomington until 1982.
Represent both Minneapolis and St. Paul.

MONROE, LOUISIANA
MONROE MONARCHS
League: NSL 1932
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1932

MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA
MONTGOMERY GREY SOX
League: NSL 1932
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1932

MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA
MONTREAL EXPOS
League: NL 1969-2004
Franchise: Expansion team 1969. Relocated to Washington Nationals in 2005.
Named after Expo '67.

MUSKEGON, MICHIGAN
MUSKEGON LASSIES
League: AAGPBL 1946-1950
Franchise: Became Kalamazoo Lassies 1951
MUSKEGON BELLES
League: AAGPBL 1953
Franchise: Relocated from Kalamazoo Belles 1952

NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE
NASHVILLE ELITE GIANTS
League: NNL 1930, 1933-1934 NSL 1932
Franchise: New franchise NNL, disbanded after 1930. Charter franchise NSL, disbanded with league after 1932. New franchise NNL 1933, disbanded after 1934. According to Lowry, relocated from Cleveland Cubs in 1932, became Columbus Elite Giants in 1935.

NEWARK, NEW JERSEY
NEWARK PEPPERS
League: FL 1915
Aka: Newark Federals
Nicknames: Newark Peps, Newkfeds
Franchise: Relocated from Indianapolis Hoosier-Feds 1914.
NEWARK BROWNS
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league during season
NEWARK DODGERS
League: NNL 1934-1935
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1935
NEWARK EAGLES
League: NNL 1936-1948
Franchise: Relocated from Brooklyn Eagles, disbanded after 1948. According to Lowry, became Houston Eagles in 1949.
NEWARK STARS
League: ECL 1926
Franchise: New franchise, folded July 1926.

NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT
NEW HAVENS
League: NA 1875
Aka: Elm Citys
Franchise: Expansion franchise, folded on July 30, 1875.

NEW ORLEANS, LOUSIANA
NEW ORLEANS STARS
League: NAL 1941
Aka: New Orleans-St. Louis Stars
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1941
NEW ORLEANS UBLs
League: UBL
Franchise: League was announced to begin play in 1996, but cancelled.

NEW YORK, NEW YORK
NEW YORK MUTUALS (I)
Leagues: NA 1871-1875
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded during 1875 season.
Nicknames: Green Stockings 1871, Chocolate Sox 1872
Represented New York but played all home games in Brooklyn.
Named after the firemen of the Mutual Hook \& Ladder Co.
NEW YORK MUTUALS (II)
Leagues: NL 1876
Franchise: Charter franchise. Expelled from NL following the 1876 season for refusing to make the last road trip.
NEW YORK METROPOLITANS
League: AA 1883-1887
NEW YORK GIANTS (I)
League: NL 1883-1957
Aka: New York Gothams 1883-1884
Nicknames: New York Maroons 1880's, Gotham Giants 1880's, Mutrie's Mules 1890
Franchise: Relocated from Troy Trojans 1879-1882. Merged with PL Giants 1891. Became San Francisco Giants in 1958.
Named when manager Mutrie stood up in the dugout after an important victory in 1885 and stated that he was very proud of "My big fellows! My giants!"
NEW YORK GIANTS (II)
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1890 season. According to Lowry merged with NL Giants in 1891.
NEW YORK YANKEES
League: AL 1903->
Aka: New York Highlanders 1903-1912
Nickname: New York Porchclimbers 1903-1904, New York Burglars 1903-1904, New York Invaders 1903, Greater New Yorks 1900's, New York Hill Toppers 1903-1912, Bronx Bombers
Franchise: Relocated from Baltimore Orioles 1901-1902.
Called Highlanders both after a famous British Army regiment named Gordon's Highlanders, and because Hilltop Park was their home ballpark and was located on a hilltop overlooking Washington Heights.
Called Yankees first by sportswriters Mark Roth of the New York Globe and Sam Crane of the New York Journal, the name appearing in print for the first time on June 21, 1904 in the Boston Herald.
Ballpark: Hilltop Park 1903->1912, Polo Grounds V 1913->1922 Yankee Stadium I 1923->1973 Shea Stadium 1974->1975 Yankee Stadium II 1976->
LINCOLN GIANTS
League: ECL 1923-1926, 1928, ANL 1929
Franchise: Charter franchise ECL, disbanded with league after 1928. Charter franchise ANL, disbanded with league after 1929
CUBAN STARS (I)
League: NNL 1922
Franchise: Relocated from Cincinnati in 1922. Split into Cuban Stars East and Cuban Stars West in 1923.
CUBAN STARS (II)
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league during 1932 season
CUBAN STARS EAST
League: ECL 1923-1928, ANL 1929
Franchise: Split from Cuban Stars in 1923 to become charter franchise. Disbanded with league during 1928, joined ANL as charter franchise in 1929, disbanded with league after 1929 season.
CUBAN STARS WEST
League: NNL 1923-1930
Franchise: Split from Cuban Stars in 1923. Disbanded after 1930 season.
NEW YORK BLACK YANKEES
League: NNL 1936-1948
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1948.
NEW YORK CUBANS
League: NNL 1935-36, 1939-48, NAL 1949-50
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded with league after 1950
NEW YORK
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never played.
NEW YORK METS
League: NL 1962->
Franchise: Expansion team 1962.

OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
OAKLAND ATHLETICS
League: AL 1968->
Aka: Oakland A's 1968-1986
Franchise: Relocated from Kansas City Athletics AL 1955-1967.

ORLANDO, FLORIDA
ORLANDO JUICE
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:

PALM BEACH, FLORIDA
WEST PALM BEACH TROPICS
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:

PEORIA, ILLINOIS
PEORIA REDWINGS
League: AAGPBL 1946-1951
Franchise:

PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
CENTENNIAL OF PHILADELPHIA
Leagues: NA 1875
Franchise: Expansion franchise. Folded May 26, 1875.
PHILADELPHIA PHILADELPHIAS
Leagues: NA 1872-1875
Aka: Philadelphia Whites 1873-1875
Franchise: Expansion franchise, disbanded with league during 1875 season
PHILADELPHIA ATHLETICS (I)
Leagues: NA 1871-1875
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded during 1875 season
PHILADELPHIA ATHLETICS (II)
Leagues: NL 1876
Aka: Philadelphia Blues
Franchise: Expelled from NL following 1876 season for not making the last road trip.
PHILADELPHIA ATHLETICS (III)
League: AA 1882-1891
Franchise: Merged with PL Quakers in 1891.
PHIADELPHIA ATHLETICS (IV)
League: AL 1901-1954
Aka: White Elephants 1902-1903, A's
Nicknames: Mackmen
Franchise: Became Kansas City Athletics in 1955.
Jokingly named White Elephants by John McGraw in 1902.
PHILADELPHIA WHITE STOCKINGS
League: NA 1873-1875
Aka: Philadelphia Pearls, Philadelphia Quakers (I), Philadelphia Fillies
PHILADELPHIA PHILLIES
League: NL 1883->
Aka: Philadelphia Quakers (II) 1883-1889, Philadelphia Phils 1942, Philadelphia Blue Jays 1943-1944
Franchise: New franchise in 1883.
PHILADELPHIA KEYSTONES
League: UA 1884
Aka: Keystone Unions
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded during 1884 season.
PHILADELPHIA QUAKERS (III)
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1890 season. According to Lowry merged with AA Athletics in 1891.
HILLDALES
League: ECL 1923-1927, ANL 1929, NEWL 1932
Aka: Philadelphia Tigers 1928, Darby Hilldales, Darby Daisies 1932
Franchise: Charter franchise ECL, disbanded after 1927. Charter franchise ANL, disbanded after 1929. Charter franchise NEWL, disbanded after 1932
PHILADELPHIA BACHARACH GIANTS
League: NNL 1934
Franchise: Active only from July-September 1934. Reactivation of Atlantic City Bacharach Giants franchise.
PHILADELPHIA STARS
League: NNL 1934-1948, NAL 1949-1950
Franchise: Relocated from Detroit Stars. Joined NAL as new franchise in 1949. Disbanded during 1950 season.

PHOENIX, ARIZONA
ARIZONA DIAMONDBACKS
League: NL 1998->
Franchise: Expansion team 1998.

PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA
PITTSBURGH ALLEGHENIES (I)
League: Int'l Assoc 1872-1878, NA 1879
Franchise: Charter franchise Int'l Assoc. New franchise NA
PITTSBURGH PIRATES
Leagues: AA 1882-1886, NL 1887 ->
Aka: Alleghenies (II) 1882-1889, Pittsburgh Innocents 1890
Nicknames: Potato Bugs 1887-1889, Zulus 1887-1889, Smoked Italians 1887-1889, Corsairs 1940's, Buccos 1950's ->
Franchise: Charter franchise AA. New franchise NL. Merged with PL Burghers in 1891. Merged with Louisville Colonels in 1900.
Named Pirates for signing AA Athletics 2b Louis Bierbauer 1890-91.
PITTSBURGH UNIONS
League: UA 1884
Nickname: Pittsburgh Stogies (I)
Franchise: Relocated from Chicago Unions in August 1884.
PITTSBURGH BURGHERS
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1890 season. According to Lowry merged with Pirates in 1891.
PITTSBURGH STOGIES
League: FL 1913-1915
Nickname: Pittsburgh Rebels, Pittsburgh Pittsfeds
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1915 season.
PITTSBURGH KEYSTONES
League: NNL 1922
Franchise:
HOMESTEAD GRAYS
League: ANL 1929, NEWL 1932, NNL 1935-1948
Aka: Washington-Homestead Grays 1937-1948
Franchise: Charter franchise ANL, disbanded during season. Charter franchise NEWL, disbanded during season. New franchise NNL, disbanded after 1948 season. Played roughly half of their home games in Washington 1937-1948.
PITTSBURGH CRAWFORDS
League: NNL 1933-1938
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1938. According to Lowry became Toledo Crawfords in 1939.

POMPANO BEACH, FLORIDA
GOLD COAST SUNS
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:

PORTLAND, OREGON
PORTLAND UBLs
League: UBL
Franchise: League was announced to begin play in 1996, but cancelled.

PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND
PROVIDENCE GRAYS
League: NL 1878-1885
Aka: Providence Rhode Islanders 1878
Franchise: Mmoved to Easter League in 1886, disbanded during 1886 season.

RACINE, WISCONSIN
RACINE BELLS
League: AAGPBL 1943-1950
Franchise: Became Battle Creek Belles 1951

RICHMOND, VIRGINIA
VIRGINIANS
League: AA 1884
Franchise: Relocated from Washington Nationals. Moved to Virginia League 1885-1886 as charter franchise. Disbanded after 1892 season.

ROCHESTER, NEW YORK
ROCHESTER HOP BITTERS
League: AA 1890
Franchise: New franchise. Moved to Int'l League in 1891 as new franchise, Eastern League in 1892 as charter franchise, disbanded after 1892 season.

ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS
FOREST CITYS
League: NA 1871
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1871 season.
ROCKFORD PEACHES
League: AAGPBL 1943-1954
Franchise:

ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI
RED STOCKINGS
League: NA 1875
Franchise: Folded July 4, 1875.
BROWN STOCKINGS (I)
Leagues: NA 1875, NL 1876-1877
Aka: St. Louis Reds 1876-1877, St. Louis Browns (I) 1876-1877
Franchise: New franchise NA & NL. Disbanded after 1877 season.
ST. LOUIS CARDINALS
Leagues: AA 1882-1891, NL 1892->
Aka: St. Louis Browns (II) 1882-1891 St. Louis Brown Stockings (II) 1882 St. Louis Perfectos 1899
Nicknames: Cards, Redbirds
Franchise: Charter franchise AA, new franchise NL. After 1898 season, acquired virtually every key player from Cleveland Spiders in trade.
ST. LOUIS MAROONS
Leagues: UA 1884, NL 1885-1886
Nicknames: Onions, Black Diamonds
Franchise: Charter franchise UA, new franchise NL. Disbanded after 1886 season. According to Lowry merged with Cleveland Forest Citys in 1885.
ST. LOUIS BROWNS (III)
League: AL 1902-1953
Franchise: Relocated from Milwaukee Brewers 1901. Merged with FL Terriers in 1916. Became Baltimore Orioles in 1954.
Would have moved to Los Angeles in 1942 but for Pearl Harbor attack, and in 1953 if Coliseum there had been available for its use.
ST. LOUIS TERRIERS
League: FL 1914-1915
Nicknames: Slou-Feds 1914, Miners, Brownies
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1915 season. According to Lowry merged with AL Browns in 1916
ST. LOUIS STARS
League: NNL 1920-1931, 1943 NAL 1937,39,41
Aka: St. Louis Giants 1920-1921, New Orleans-St. Louis Stars 1941, Harrisburg-St. Louis Stars 1943
Franchise: Charter franchise NNL, disbanded after 1931. New franchise NAL, disbanded after 1939. Playes some home games in 1941 in New Orleans and some in St. Louis. Played all home games in 1943 in Harrisburg.

ST. LUCIE, FLORIDA
ST. LUCIE LEGENDS
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:

ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA
ST. PAUL SAINTS (I)
League: UA 1884
Aka: St. Paul Apostles, St. Paul Unions
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded with league after 1884 season
ST. PAUL SAINTS (II)
League: WA 1895-1900
Franchise: Relocated from Sioux City Cornhuskers in 1895. Became Chicago ?? in 1900

ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA
ST. PETERSBURG PELICANS
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:

SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA
SAN DIEGO PADRES
League: NL 1969->
Franchise: Expansion franchise

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
SAN FRANCISCO GIANTS
League: NL 1958->
Franchise: Relocated from New York Giants 1883-1957. According to Filichia scheduled to become San Jose Giants in 1996.

SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
SEATTLE PILOTS
League: AL 1969
Franchise: Expansion franchise. Became Milwaukee Brewers in 1970.
SEATTLE MARINERS
League: AL 1977->
Nickname: M's
Franchise: Expansion franchise

SIOUX CITY, SOUTH DAKOTA
SIOUX CITY CORNHUSKERS
League: WA 1894
Franchise: Relocated to St. Paul Saints 1895

SOUTH BEND, INDIANA
SOUTH BEND BLUE SOX
League: AAGPBL 1943-1954
Franchise:

SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS
SPRINGFIELD SALLIES
League: AAGPBL 1948
Franchise:

SYRACUSE, NEW YORK
SYRACUSE STARS (I)
Leagues: NL 1879
Nickname: Twinks
Franchise: Dropped out of the NL in September 1879 before the end of the season.
SYRACUSE STARS (II)
Leagues: AA 1890
Nickname:
Franchise: New franchise

TAMPA BAY, FLORIDA
TAMPA BAY DEVIL RAYS
League: AL 1998->
Aka: Tampa Bay Rays 2008->
Franchise: Expansion team 1998.

TOLEDO, OHIO
TOLEDO BLUE STOCKINGS
League: AA 1884
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded after 1884 season
TOLEDO MAUMEES
League: AA 1890
Aka: Toledo Black Pirates
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1890 season
TOLEDO MUD HENS
League: WA 1894-1900
Franchise:
TOLEDO TIGERS
League: NNL 1923
Franchise: Dropped out July 15, 1923
TOLEDO CRAWFORDS
League: NAL 1939
Franchise: According to Filichia, new franchise. According to Lowry, relocated from both Pittsburgh Crawfords and from Indianapolis ABCs July 23. Became Indianapolis Crawfords 1940

TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA
TORONTO
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never played.
TORONTO BLUE JAYS
League: AL 1977->
Franchise: Expansion team

TROY, NEW YORK
TROY HAYMAKERS
League: NA 1871-1872
Aka: Troys
Franchise: Charter franchise. Folded July 23, 1872.
TROY TROJANS
League: NL 1879-1882
Aka: Troy Citys, Troy Haverstraws 1880
Franchise: New franchise. Became New York Gothams in 1883.

VANCOUVER BC, CANADA
VANCOUVER UBLs
League: UBL
Franchise: League was announced to begin play in 1996, but cancelled.

WASHINGTON, D.C.
OLYMPICS (I)
League: NA 1871-1872
Nicknames: Nationals
Franchise: Charter franchise. Folded May 28, 1872.
NATIONALS (I)
League: NA 1872
Franchise: Folded June 26, 1872.
NATIONAL OF WASHINGTON
League: NA 1871-1872
Aka: Olympic of Washington
Franchise: Disbanded after 1873 season
NATIONALS (III)
League: NA 1879-1880
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1880 season
NATIONALS (II)
League: NA 1875
Franchise: New franchise. Folded July 3, 1875.
NATIONALS (IV)
League: AA 1884
Aka: Washingtons
Franchise: New franchise. Became Richmond Virginians mid-1884.
NATIONALS (V)
League: UA 1884
Nicknames: Washington Quicksteps
Franchise: Charter franchise. Joined the Eastern League in 1885 as a new franchise, disbanded after 1885 season.
WASHINGTON SENATORS (I)
League: NL 1886-1889
Aka: Washington Statesmen (I) 1886-1887
Franchise: New franchise. Disbanded after 1889 season. According to Lowry merged with 1889 AA Cincinnati Reds to become 1890 NL Cincinnati Reds
WASHINGTON RUBY LEGS
League: NL 1880-1882
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1882 season
WASHINGTON STATESMEN ()
League: AA 1891
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1891 season
WASHINGTON SENATORS (II)
Leagues: NL 1892-1899
Aka: Nationals (VI) 1891-1898
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after 1899 season
WASHINGTON SENATORS (III)
League: AL 1901-1960
Aka: Nationals (VII) 1905-1956
Nicknames: Nats, Griffs
Franchise: Charter franchise. Became Minnesota Twins in 1961. Came from Kansas City Blues of WA 1900
WASHINGTON POTOMACS
League: ECL 1924
Franchise:
WASHINGTON PILOTS
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise:
WASHINGTON-HOMESTEAD GRAYS
League: NNL 1937-1948
Franchise: Based in Pittsburgh, but played half of their home games in Washington.
WASHINGTON BLACK SENATORS
League: NNL 1938
Franchise: Folded June 1938
WASHINGTON ELITE GIANTS
League: NNL 1936-1937
Franchise: Relocated from Columbus Elite Giants 1936. Became Baltimore Elite Giants in 1938.
WASHINGTON SENATORS (IV)
League: AL 1961-1971
Franchise: Expansion franchise. Became Texas Rangers in 1972.
WASHINGTON UBLs
League: UBL
Franchise: League was announced to begin play in 1996, but cancelled.
WASHINGTON NATIONALS
League: NL 2005->
Franchise: Relocated from Montreal Expos in 2005.

WILMINGTON, DELAWARE
WILMINGTON QUICKSTEPS
League: UA 1884
Aka: Washington Delawarians
Franchise: New franchise. Folded in September 1884 before the season was over.

WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA
WINTER HAVEN SUPER SOX
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:

WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS
WORCESTER RUBY LEGS
League: NL 1880-1882
Aka: Worcester No-Names, Worcester Brown Stockings
Franchise: new franchise. Dispersed/disbanded in 1883.


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Dan Nichols <dan@kypris.com>
Last modified: Tue Feb 8, 2000 - dan


This document and all subsequent web pages authored by Dan Nichols copyright 1997 by Dan Nichols. Permission for non-profit or educational redistribution in original form via electronic or print media is explicitly granted. Commercial redistribution via electronic, print, or other media permitted only by consent of Dan Nichols.